[Jul 21st 2021] LabMeeting: Computer-aided diagnosis of prostate cancer using multiparametric MRI and clinical features: a patient-level classification framework

Giorgio Ciano (University of Siena)

When: Jul 21st, 2021 – 11:00 – 11:45 AM
Where: Google meet link

Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of prostate cancer (PCa) using multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) is actively being investigated as a means to provide clinical decision support to radiologists. Typically, these sy tems are trained using lesion annotations. However, lesion annotations are expensive to obtain and inadequate for characterizing certain tumor types e.g. diffuse tumors and MRI invisible tumors. In this work, we introduce a novel patient-level classification framework, denoted PCF, that is trained using patient-level labels only. In PCF, features are extracted from three dimensional mpMRI and derived parameter maps using convolutional neural networks and subsequently, combined with clinical features by a multi-classifier support vector machine scheme. The output of PCF is a probability value that indicates whether a patient is harboring clinically significant PCa (Gleason score 3 + 4) or not. PCF achieved mean area under the receiver operating characteristic curves of 0.79 and 0.86 on the PICTURE and PROSTATEx datasets respectively, using five-fold cross-validation. Clinical evaluation over a temporally separated PICTURE dataset cohort demonstrated comparable sensitivity and specificity to an experienced radiologist. We envision PCF finding most utility as a second reader during routine diagnosis or as a triage tool to identify low-risk patients who do not require a clinical read.

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